Today’s daily cartoon by Benjamin Schwartz.
Has one of the old Times buildings been unearthed? A structure recently uncovered in downtown L.A. could be the basement or foundation of the old Times building that once stood at North Broadway and West 1st Street, the site of a bloody chapter in the paper’s history.
Reporter Howard Blume writes about the 1910 bombing of the building by militant unionists:
The paper had opened for business in a nearby location as the Los Angeles Daily Times on Dec. 4, 1881, one of a number of newspapers in the bustling town, and not widely regarded as the best — especially in the view of labor organizers. The paper was virulently anti-union in its editorial policy and practices.
In 1886, at a cost of $50,000, Col. Harrison Gray Otis opened The Times’ second building, a three-story brick and granite structure, at the site now being developed. A more compact six-story adjacent structure housed the printing plant by 1910.
At 1 a.m. on Oct. 1, 1910, a dynamite charge exploded just outside the building and nearby gas lines sparked a disastrous fire.
In the city room, three people were killed or fatally injured, according to an official exhibit in the L.A. Times Globe Lobby. Two died in the telegraph room; 16 in the linotype and composing room. Eight bodies were found at the bottom of a freight elevator shaft.
The newspaper had trouble getting the numbers to add up — various published accounts over the decades put the death toll between 20 and 30.
The newspaper did not miss a day — another paper offered the use of its presses.
Photo: The building that housed the Times starting in 1886 and was destroyed in the 1910 bombing. Credit: Los Angeles Times
Looted Art Treasures
General Dwight D Eisenhower, Supreme Allied commander, inspects art treasures looted by the Germans and stored away in the Merkers salt mine. Behind GEN Eisenhower are General Omar N. Bradley (left), CG of the 12th Army Group, and (right) LT Gen George S. Patton, Jr, CG, 3rd U.S. Army. 4/12/45.
Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin Patent Drawing, 03/14/1794
Item from Records of the Patent and Trademark Office. (1836 - 1849)
Patent Spotlight from the National Archives. Designed to separate cotton fiber from the seed, Whitney’s cotton gin introduced a new, profitable technology to agricultural production in America.
(Photo: Akira Fujii / Sky & Telescope file)
Monday night’s marvels are worth staying up late for: Not only will Mars be bigger and brighter than it’s been for more than six years, but you’ll also be able to see the first total lunar eclipse in more than two years.
This ‘letter of recommendation’ is from members of the Confederation Congress on behalf of James Mathers, who served as their doorkeeper and messenger in 1788. On April 7, 1789, the Senate elected James Mathers to be Senate Doorkeeper. Mathers served as Doorkeeper (and later Sergeant at Arms) until his death in 1811.
As Doorkeeper, Mathers maintained the Senate chamber, stoked the fire, cared for the Senate’s two horses, oversaw the transfer of records and furnishings to Philadelphia in 1790 and Washington, DC in 1800, and kept order once the galleries were permanently opened. In 1795, his job was expanded to Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper to enforce the law should anyone refuse to appear before the Senate in cases of trial and impeachment.
Recommendation From Members of the Confederation Congress to Appoint James Mathers Senate Doorkeeper, 3/4/1789, Records of the U.S. Senate (NAID 7788932)